Logic and Theism: Arguments for and against Beliefs in God
Cambridge University Press, 10/11/2003 - 652 من الصفحات
This is a wide-ranging 2004 book about arguments for and against beliefs in God. The arguments for the belief are analysed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm to Gödel, the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz, and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. The last chapter examines Pascalian arguments for and against belief in God. There are discussions of Cantorian problems for omniscience, of challenges to divine omnipotence, and of the compatibility of everlasting complete knowledge of the world with free-will. There are appendices that present formal proofs in a system for quantified modal logic, a theory of possible worlds, notes on Cantorian set theory, and remarks concerning non-standard hyperreal numbers. This book will be a valuable resource for philosophers of religion and theologians and will interest logicians and mathematicians as well.
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accept according actual added Appendix argument assume assumption Axiom believe better causes Chapter choice comes conceived concept concerning conclusion conditional considered consistent contingent contradiction definition demonstration depends derivation divine efficient causes entails equivalent essence essentially establish everything evidence evil example existence expected experience explanation fact false follows freedom given God’s greater Hume Hume’s hypothesis idea impossible infinite kind knowledge laws least less logically matter means merely mind miracles modal moral nature necessarily necessary necessity object omnipotent omniscient particular perfect perhaps person positive possible world premise present principle prior probability problem proof proposition question reason regarding relation relevant Rowe seems sense sentence SHOW sufficient suggestion Suppose testimony theism Theorem theory things thought true truth universal worship