The Archaeology of Death
Robert Chapman, Ian Kinnes, Klavs Randsborg
Cambridge University Press, 22/10/1981 - 159 من الصفحات
Evidence for the disposal of the dead is one of the most common classes of archaeological data; in both prehistoric and historic contexts, archaeologists have long used the remains of death and burial as a source for interpretations of society, culture and ethnic identity. This volume, bringing together studies on the disposal of the dead, explores the frontiers and potential of research and presents critical appraisals of theory about social organisation and culture change. It contains case studies from both North America and Europe and themes include the complex social factors behind burial in monuments and cemeteries, the relationship between status, diet, disease and mortality, the use of differential burial practices to define rank and the underlying reasons for major changes in burial patterns.
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Adult analysis appear approach archaeological Archaic areas argued artefacts associated authority barrows behaviour Binford Brown burial cemeteries centre century changes communities complex considered context critical cultural dead death differentiation dimensions discussed disposal disposal areas distinctions distribution early effect enamel ethnographic Europe evidence examined example excavated existence female formal frequency further grave groups horizontal important included increased indicators individuals interment known Koster land late later male material means measure middle monumental mortuary practices mounds nature noted observed occur organisation particular pattern period population possible prehistoric present problems processes rank record reflect relationship relative remains represented result sample Saxe settlement significant similar single skeletal social society Source spatial specific status stone stress structure suggest symbols tombs treatment types units volume zone